Everything comes with a history behind, so does photography.
Photography first start off with pinhole principle that was mentioned
by the Mohist philosopher Mozi (墨子) in ancient China about light travel in straight lines and will be reflected on objects which form an inverted images through a pinhole.
Based on pinhole camera idea, Iraqi scientist invented a camera obscure. Then they discovered that the process of projecting images on a surface through chemical reactions. In the past, there were a few of the professor and photographer had experiment with few of the chemicals together with exposure by light source to create images.
In the Renaissance and later centuries, the camera obscure was mainly used for scientific purposes in astronomy and, fitted with a lens, as a drawing aid for artists and amateur painters. (Steven,B. and James, W.M, 2008, p.11)
The artist sees both scene and drawing surface simultaneously, as in a photographic double exposure. This allows the artist to duplicate key points of the scene on the drawing surface, thus aiding in the accurate rendering of perspective.
Nicéphore Niépce, the very first photographer. He had been experiment with chemicals to use exposure and create images. He successfully taken an image and the process named as heliography.This process is exposed to light to make pictures appear.(Photography Redefined By Gaurav Sharma)
After the death of Nicéphore Niépce, his partner improved and produce the idea of daguerreotype. This technique produce a high detailed permanent photo.
Over the centuries, the photography technique had been process from temporary black and white images to permanent color images and finally with the help of technologies, it can develop into digital images with the use of digital camera and store a lot in memory card without worry about the photo’s color fading, torn or even storage to store those photos (unless you are rich enough like Bill Gate who store all his photos in a mountain’s cave). There are different kind of digital camera been used in photography field, such as compact camera, DSLR and even phone camera.
There are few differences between compact camera (point-and-shoot) and DSLR.
The size is smaller and more convenient for the users to bring around. This type of camera is more suitable for amateur because it is easier to use. User can change filter and zooming but unlike DSLR, user just need to click to shoot an image and the device will process.
The size is more big and heavy to bring around. This type of camera is more suitable for professional photographer because it have more “controls” over the lighting so user need to have a basic knowledge of lighting in order to use it. There is also auto function but if you only use auto function,is better to just get a compact camera. The good thing that it has larger sensor which able user to capture image faster with better quality. Not only that, it have various kind of lenses that can be change but the lens itself can be very pricey.
A professional camera can take a lousy photos and a lousy camera and take a good photo, it’s all depends on what kind of camera system and users’ photography skills. (Wager.R, 2015)
Even thought digital camera brings a lot of convenient such as editing function for photographer, some advertising agencies still prefer using Polaroid which they also called as truth-in-advertising shots (Jim.J, 2014). This is an improved version based on analog photos that need to go through a lot of process to get the prints while users just need to press the shutter button for the Polaroid and the film will process itself and print out.
As you may know, most of the magazine cover photos been edited before. Truth can be hurtful but the agencies want to know what you really look like.
Technologies keep on improving over time. Cameras getting more convenient and better for the users.
Currently we can record in video format and gif format so what about in the future? There’s a high possibility that the ideas of moving pictures on newspaper in Harry potter might come true.
Below are one of the exist example in reality about moving framed image .
It is actually just a screen behind the frame but it is similar to the idea of photography.
A Great Escape Publishing (2015), How To Buy The Right Camera, the Photographers Life. Available at: http://www.thephotographerslife.com/free-stuff/how-to-buy-the-right-camera/ %5BAccessed on 4 June 2015]
Jim,J.(2014), Why Model Agencies Prefer Polaroids,Beauty Look Magazine. Available at: http://www.beautylookmagazine.com/2014/11/09/why-model-agencies-prefer-polaroids/ [Accessed on 4 June 2015]
Jon,G. (1996), Pinhole Photography, Photo.net. Available at: http://photo.net/pinhole/pinhole [Accessed on 4 June 2015]
Steven,B. and James, W.M, (2008),Patterns of Light, Springer Science+Business Media, Available at: http://lt-jds.jinr.ru/record/51765/files/Patterns%20of%20Light.pdf %5BAccessed on 4 June 2015]
Art Encyclopedia (n.d.),A Short History of Photography (c.1800-1900), History of Photography.Available at: http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/photography/photo-history.htm [Accessed on 4 June 2015]
Ellie,Z.(2015),From Selfie Hoax Amazing Images Reveal Historic Moments Captured Cameras, Mail Online.Available at: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3096447/From-selfie-hoax-Amazing-images-reveal-historic-moments-captured-cameras.html [Accessed on 4 June 2015]